What is the use partition and how do they make?

What is the use partition and how to make it, maybe some people still lay with it, here I will try to give a little explanation about the meaning of partition and how to make it.
Partitioning means dividing the hard disk memory space on your hard drive. Each hard drive must be partitioned at least once, and adapt to the operating system that will be used .. A computer that is installing more than one operaai systems usually have multiple partitions. The advantage of more than one partition, among others, can minimize the clutter in the operating system, data can be made safer, the efficient use of space hasrddisk, makes backing up data and searching files.

In a hard disk has several types of partitions, namely:
1. Primary Partition
Primary partition is a primary partition on the hard disk that contains some data files. The function of this primary partition as the partition of the first accessed the computer to boot.

2. Extended Partition
The extended partition is also a primary partition on the hard disk. The extended partition function to overcome the limitations of the division of the partition. The extended partition does not handle the processing of data directly. To be able to use it we must create logical partitions first.

3. Logical Partitions
A logical partition is a partition side there extended partition. A logical partition is able to accommodate a variety of data files.

Before we partition the hard drive then we must consider first:
Type of partition that we will use:
Adjust partitions with operating systems that will be executed, because the operating system should be run in accordance with the environment itself, eg:
Windows 95 = FAT 16
Windowa 97 & 98 or 98SE = FAT16 & FAT32
Windows 2000 & XP = FAT32 & NTFS5
Linux = Ext2 or Ext3
Large capacity hard disk partition must be eligible species, for example:
FAT16 = maximum 2 GB hard drive
FAT32 = the entire hard drive 850 MB to the top.
NTFS = maximum of one terabyte hard drive on top

Software-software that can be used to partition the hard drive is as follows:

a. FDISK

This application is already available within the system booting Microsoft Windows, but in accordance with their respective operating systems bootingnya.
Using FDISK advantages:

Available free of charge on CD Master windows or created in the system boot diskette so concerned.

Using FDISK Disadvantages:
We can only create partitions as type so concerned.
When we create two partitions on one disk, then the result is a primary partition, a logical partition.

Practical demonstration:

Enter into floppydisk diskette or boot cd to the CDROM.
Change the system BIOS to boot first into floppydisk or CD-ROM (depending on us to use boot diskette or CD):
External Cache: Enabled
Quick Power On Self Test: Enabled
Boot Sequence: A, C, SCSI  Change to the CDROM / floppydisk
Swa [floppy drive: the Disable
Boot Up Floppy Seek: Enabled
After booting, select the menu that supports a CDROM or directly enter:

After entering the system, dos, then type FDISK and press enter:

Select (Y) for FAT32 and (N) for FAT16:

Choose no (1) Create DOS partitionà ¢ â, ¬  | .. to create a new partition, kamudian press enter:

Then select no (1) Create a Primary SINS ¢ â, ¬ Â | .. to create a primary partition (primary):

After that plih O (Y) to create a partition, or select no select (N) whenever you want to create another partition. If select (Y) then finished, press ESC to exit the disk and do the selanjutna.

After creating the partition is complete, restart your computer.

After re-entry into the dos system, do format your hard disk by typing the drive that followed the format will be formatted:

Once completed, restart again.
Hard drive ready to be installed Operating System.

b. RANISH PARTITION MANAGER.

Special applications of artificial Ranish partition.
The advantage of using ranish partition manager:
- Easily used
- Able to create different partition types (FAT16, FAT32, NTFS, BeOS, Linux, etc.).
- Able to make 2 pieces (more) primary partition.
- Can make more than two partitions on one hard drive.

Practical demonstration:

Enter into floppydisk diskette or boot cd to the CDROM.
Change the system BIOS to boot first into floppydisk or CD-ROM (depending on us to use boot diskette or CD):
External Cache: Enabled
Quick Power On Self Test: Enabled
Boot Sequence: A, C, SCSI  Change to CDROM / floppydisk
Swa [floppy Drive: Disable
Boot Up Floppy Seek: Enabled

After booting, select the menu that supports CDROM or directly enter:

Once in the system, dos, moved into the CDROM drive and then go into the folder where the Ranish Partition Manager is, Selah was part type and press enter.

Partition Manager Ranish menu:

To start creating a new partition, select the section which unesed written in the first place, then hit enter.
Then select the type that will be used, and determine how large the partition can be created (if you want to create two partitions), or directly press ENTER whenever you want to use the entire space to a partition:

Then select the save now to save the process that has been made earlier:

Then select the format now that the partition had been made directly formatted:

Then select the format to format the hard drive normally, or a quick format to format the drives quickly without checking whether the disk is still good or not:

Making do again when the last partition we create more than one partition:

Having already formed a new partition and formatted, it must enable one thought to be the system boot partition (usually the largest), if we do not enable the disk later when we install the operating system will not boot. Press the B button to activate the system boot partition (boot flag). Pay attention! Partitions that have been activated there is an arrow beside:

When finished, press ESC, then select Save MBR

After returning to DOS, restart your computer kembal.
Hard drive ready to install the Operating System.

c. POWERQUEST PARTITION MAGIC.

Special applications of artificial PowerQuest Partition.
The advantage of using Powerquest Partition Magic:
Can create various types of partitions.
Can make 2 pieces (more) primary partition.
Can make more than two partitions in one disk.

Lack of use Powerquest Partition Magiccyaitu:
Less well used for beginners.
Because it is run from windows, it can only damage we do not want partition.

Format Harddrive
Format hard drive is a way of giving the hard drive to hard drive system could be used seefesien possible by knowing beforehand what operating system will be used. Format hard drive made after we finished partitioning the hard disk.
Provided on the hard disk system we are familiar with the term FAT (File alocation Table), this is where the key of the whole management information on the hard disk or any other term File System. File system task to allocate space in the hard drive data information and to arrange the spaces are still empty. The file system is also responsible for caring for the names of files and directories as well as where the files are placed. file system consists of three essential parts, namely (1) boot record and operating systems, (2) directory and (3) files. Each system has a file system opersai different. Here are the types of file systems you need to know.

FAT 12
Fat FAT 12 is the first time used in the DOS on the IBM PC (1981). This uses the FAT file allocation table for 12 bits, so often referred to FAT 12. The maximum capacity of 12 is formatted by FAT Cluster 4086, so the FAT is suitable for small-capacity hard drive.

FAT 16
FAT 16 FAT 12 is a development of that used on the Windows 95 operating system's first version (1990). This uses the FAT file allocation table at 16 bits. The maximum unformatted capacity is 65 526 clusters. And typically handle 16 MB hard disk capacity, GB 2048.

FAT 32
FAT 32 appears because the FAT 12 and 16 no longer able to manage large-capacity hard drive. FAT supports windows operating system 95C and beyond. It uses 28-bit FAT cluster whereas four bits digumakan to backup / reserved.

NTFS (New Technology File System)
NTFS is generally used on the Windows NT operating system and its offspring. Compared with the FAT system, NTFS is much more effective and safe in the management of files, because files can dienskripsi NTFS.

HPFS (High Performance File System)
HPFS is used on OS / 2 (made by IBM). HPFS is able to read data faster than the FAT system.

VFAT
VFAT and FAT are different, the difference is the ability to support long file naming, improved operating system performance, and good data management capabilities.
To adjust the use of file system and operating system you can see in the following table:
File System Operating System
FAT 12 DOS versions 1.x and 2.x
FAT 12 and FAT 16 DOS version 3.x, 6.x and Windows 3.x
FAT 12, 16 and VFAT DOS version 7 and Windows 95A
FAT 12, 16, 32 VFAT DOS version 7.1 and Windows 95B / C
FAT 32 Windows 95B / C, Win98, ME, 2000 and XP
NTFS Windows NT, 2000, 2003, and XP
HPFS OS / 2, Windows NT version of the old
Ext2, ext3, Linux, Linux Swap
good luck and definitely do not ever scared of

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